Depression is a common problem in older adults. The symptoms of depression affect every aspect of life, including your energy, appetite, sleep, and interest in work, hobbies, and relationships.
9 June 2015
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Front. Hum. Neurosci., 14 January 2015 | http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.01045
A meta-analysis of changes in brain activity in clinical depression
Susan M. Palmer1, imageSheila G. Crewther1,2, imageLeeanne M. Carey1,3* and The START Project Team http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2014.01045/full
As of this writing, the world’s oldest living person is nearly 116 years old. The oldest person to have ever lived was France’s Jeanne Louise Calment, who died in 1997 at 122 years, 164 days old. Calment famously outlived her lawyer, who bought her old apartment, agreeing to give her money for it each month until her death hoping to get possession of the flat on her death.
Venture capitalist Dmitry Kaminskiy announced a million-dollar prize, for the first person to beat the current longevity record and reach his or her 123rd birthday. The goal of the prize is twofold: to get the public interested in longevity research and to motivate people to live longer lives.
As an enhanced version of Vitamin B1, Sulbutiamine offers a number of very real and impactful benefits for your cognitive function. Sold under the name Arcalion, this synthetic derivative of thiamine has positive effects for memory, depression, shyness, fatigue and even erectile disfunction.
According to the Flax Council of Canada, there are numerous benefits of which omega-3 is at the top of the list. ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) constitutes 57% of the total fatty acids in flax, making flax the richest source of ALA in the North American diet. Every tablespoon (15 ml) of flaxseed oil contains 8 grams of ALA, and this is a polyunsaturated fatty acid.
The “3” in Omega-3 refers to the major types of fatty acids used by our body: alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Human body converts ALA to EPA and DHA which are more readily used by the body. Omega-3 is an important component of almost all cell membranes; therefore, sufficient amounts of these fatty acids are necessary.
A Harvard study titled, “The Preventable Causes of Death in the United States: Comparative Risk Assessment of Dietary Lifestyle and Metabolic Risk Factors” revealed that an omega-3 deficiency is an important issue causing health problems.
Other foods (especially walnuts) and oils (canola and soybean, for example) contain ALA. But at about 7 grams per tablespoon, flaxseed oil is by far the richest source.
But ALA must be converted into EPA and DHA. As a result, only a small fraction of it has omega-3’s effects . So in terms of omega-3 “power,” a tablespoon of flaxseed oil is worth about 700 milligrams (mg) of EPA and DHA. That’s still more than the 300 mg of EPA and DHA in many 1-gram fish oil capsules, but far less than what the 7 or 8 grams mentioned as the ALA content of Flax Seed oil.
It is supposed to help the heart, lower blood pressure and cholestorol and number of other problems including dry eyes. But the scientific research support may not be strong as a cure for the problems. It is certainly valuable as dietary source of nutrients.
Doctors treat memory disorders with pharmaceutical medicines that directly influence levels of brain chemicals such as serotonin, dopamine, and acetylcholine. These drugs have very important clinical uses. Treatment of cognitive disorders should include foods and supplements that benefit the overall health of brain cells. Brain health isimproved by omega-3 fatty acids found in flaxseed and fish. One way to influence brain health through diet is to consume the right fats and oils. About 60 percent of the brain consists of lipids (fats) which make up the lining, or cell membrane, of every brain cell.
Note: For preparation of whole day menu approximately 30 g of oil and 5 g of
salt to be used per person per day.
Total daily energy from the above menu is 2734 calories, out of which 68%
daily energy from carbohydrates (complex and simple), 12% from proteins and
20% from visible and invisible fat are provided.
But as long as you eat a variety of foods, there are only a few things you need to pay special attention to.
Calcium for vegetarians who don't eat milk products. If you don't get your calcium from milk products, you need to eat other calcium-rich foods. Calcium-fortified breakfast cereals, soy milk, and orange juice are good choices. Other foods that have calcium include certain legumes, certain leafy green vegetables, nuts, seeds, and tofu. If you don't use calcium-fortified foods, ask your doctor if you should take a daily calcium supplement.
Getting enough calcium and vitamin D is important to keep bones strong. Vegetarians who don't eat milk products can use fortified soy milk and breakfast cereals.
Vegetarian iron sources include cooked dried beans, peas, and lentils; leafy green vegetables; and iron-fortified grain products. And eating foods rich in vitamin C will help your body absorb iron.
Vitamin B12 comes from animal sources only. If you are a vegan, you'll need to rely on food that is fortified with this vitamin (for example, soy milk and breakfast cereals) or take supplements. This is especially important for vegan women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
Protein. Eating a wide variety of protein-rich foods such as soy products, legumes, grains, nuts, and seeds will give you the protein you need.
Omega-3 fatty acids.
Good sources of omega-3 fatty acids are hemp seeds, flaxseeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, certain leafy green vegetables, soybean oil, and canola oil.
Vegetarians don't usually have a problem getting enough zinc if they eat lots of other foods that are good sources of zinc, including whole-grain breads, cooked dried beans and lentils, soy foods, and vegetables.
Older adults: Double your protein to build more muscle
Date: January 30, 2015
Source:American Physiological Society (APS)
Summary:The new research shows that older adults may need to double up on the recommended daily allowance of protein to efficiently maintain and build muscle.
ये धीरे-धीरे बढ़ते हैं और कोई उपचार या सावधानी न बरतने पर यह लक्षण बिगड़ भी सकते हैं। :
स्मरणशक्ति में कमी आना
हाल में हुई घटनाओ को भूल जाना
जरुरी निर्णय न ले पाना
भाषा ठीक प्रकार से न बोल पाना
समय और स्थान के बारे में भ्रम
लोगो की पहचान न रहना
रोजमर्रा के काम जैसे की - कपडे पहनना, नहाना, वाहन चलाना, पैसो का व्यवहार, खाना पकाना इत्यादि कार्य करने की क्षमता में परिवर्तन
अपनी भावनाए संभालने में मुश्किल
अधिक उत्तेजित रहना
अवसाद, तनाव और Depression
नींद की कमी